Bad breath is not only caused by poor oral hygiene but can also occur due to various diseases. Bad breath caused by disease generally has a distinctive odor, depending on the cause and which organs are affected.
Research shows that 80% of bad breath is caused by problems with oral health. However, several diseases can cause bad breath. These ailments cause different bad breaths, ranging from a sweet smell like the smell of fruit to a bad smell like feces.
Recognizing Various Diseases That Cause Bad Breath
Some of the diseases that can cause bad breath are:
Food residue and bacteria can get trapped in the cavities in the teeth for long enough to rot. This condition causes the mouth to smell bad. Apart from cavities, gingivitis and dry mouth can also cause bad breath that smells bad.
Bad breath experienced by sinusitis sufferers can occur when mucus contains bacteria from the nose down into the throat. Sinusitis sufferers' bad breath tends to smell like poop. Apart from bad breath, sinusitis sufferers can also experience persistent colds, green or yellow nasal mucus, fever, and headaches.
3. Acid reflux disease
If bad breath due to sinusitis smells like poop, bad breath caused by acid reflux tends to smell sour. This can occur because stomach acid rises into the esophagus, causing a sour smell in the mouth.
Bad breath that arises due to diabetes smells like fruit. Bad breath in diabetics occurs when the amount of insulin is insufficient to take sugar from the blood as an energy source, so the body burns fat instead. From this burning of fat, ketone acids are formed, which causes bad breath to resemble fruit's aroma.
5. Kidney disease
Bad breath may be linked to kidney disease if it smells like urine or smells fishy. If the kidneys are not functioning properly, toxins and body metabolic waste cannot be excreted in the urine. These toxins and waste products accumulate and spread throughout the body, causing urine or fishy odor that can be smelled from the mouth.
How to Get Rid of Bad Breath
Bad breath that occurs due to illness or health problems can be treated with medication from a doctor. Treatment will be adjusted according to the disease suffered. After the disease is resolved, bad breath generally will also disappear.
However, to help reduce bad breath, you can try the following ways:
1. Routine brushing
To deal with bad breath, regularly brush your teeth at least twice a day, especially after every meal. Regular brushing can help remove food debris and bacteria from the teeth that cause bad breath.
2. Using dental floss
Brushing your teeth is not enough because food scraps may still stick between your teeth. Therefore, it is recommended that you clean between your teeth using dental floss after every brushing or at least once a day.
3. Clean the tongue regularly
The tongue is also a place for bad breath-causing bacteria to breed, so it needs to be cleaned regularly. You can use a special tongue cleaner to remove dirt and bacteria from the tongue surface.
4. Gargle with mouthwash
To get rid of bad breath, you can use mouthwash. By gargling, leftover food and bacteria that cause bad breath can be lifted and wasted.
You can use a mouthwash made from natural ingredients that contain saga leaves, betel leaves, and licorice roots. These ingredients are thought to inhibit bacteria's growth that causes cavities and cause bad breath and leave a refreshing aroma in the mouth.
5. Increase the consumption of water
In addition to maintaining oral hygiene, you are also advised to drink plenty of water. Drinking more water can keep your mouth from drying out, one of the causes of bad breath.
Also, drinking more water can help rinse food debris stuck in the oral cavity and between the teeth so that decay does not occur that causes bad breath.
Identify the cause of bad breath that you are experiencing to be overcome in the right way. If bad breath persists or gets worse, consult a doctor immediately.