Eyes Plus in Young Children
Plus, eyes or difficulty seeing objects at close range can happen to anyone. Plus, eyes generally occur in older people. But did you know that plus eye is not uncommon for small children?
Plus, the eye is also known as farsightedness (hypermetropia). The sufferer can see distant objects clearly, but close objects look faint. Plus, eyes are often suffered by adults over the age of 40, but some young children have been affected by this visual impairment.
How Does Eye Plus Happen?
A plus eye occurs when the eyeball is too short, the cornea is poorly curved or too flat, or the eye's lens cannot focus properly. Therefore, the light that should be falling directly on the retina is focused behind the retina, making objects that are close look blurry. The exact cause why these things happen is not known, but family history affects them.
Some babies and children suffer from plus eyes. This is normal, usually without significant symptoms, and will disappear when they are teenagers. Nearsightedness in children often occurs because the visual organs are still developing. The process of developing a child's eyes properly will help their vision function as the little one ages.
Signs of a Child Suffering from Eyes Plus
The signs of a child being exposed to plus eyes can be observed from their daily behavior at home and school. For example, often sitting too close to the television, reading too closely, complaining of headaches, rubbing your eyes frequently, having difficulty or dislike of reading, and complaining of eye strain. Also, in severe cases, the child's eyes may appear crossed.
Handling Eyes Plus in Children
Good vision is essential for child development. Conditions that interfere with the sense of sight can impact children's basic skills and activities.
Plus, children's eyes can be treated by wearing glasses, contact lenses, or LASIK surgery to sharpen vision. However, not all children with farsightedness need these visual aids. Usually, a plus eye plus less than a plus one (+1.00) can still see clearly. That's because the eye muscles that function to focus vision can still work.
Glasses are a visual aid that is suitable for children. Choosing the right children's glasses is very important for children with plus eyes. Here are a few tips:
- Choose plastic eyeglass frames and lenses resistant to scratches for children 2 years of age or younger, so they don't get damaged or broken easily due to their activities.
- You can also consider polycarbonate eyeglass lenses that are not easily destroyed, especially for very active children. Although they are more prone to scratches than regular plastic lenses, they are less likely to break.
- Children are advised to be given glasses that use a spring hinge to avoid eyeglass frames.
- Eyeglass straps or chains may be needed to prevent the glasses from being lost or dropped.
If the child is old enough, let him choose his own glasses of a suitable and comfortable size. Even so, still follow an ophthalmologist's advice to avoid the risk of eye incompatibility with the lens.
Contact lenses look more contemporary and not out of date. However, wearing and storing contact lenses is tricky, and you have to bother. Therefore, contact lenses are considered more suitable for use by children aged 12 years and over. However, if your little one still wants to wear contact lenses, discuss it first with an eye doctor and make sure your baby:
- Know how to properly clean and store contact lenses.
- Clean contact lenses only with special fluids.
- Don't borrow or lend contact lenses.
- Know when to replace contact lenses.
- Always remove contact lenses if there are signs of irritation in the eyes.
Impact of Eyes Plus on Children
Although mild plus eye can occur in children and usually resolves itself as your little one grows up, it is important to do regular eye tests for children. Why? Because Eyes Plus that is not corrected will cause problems with vision and child development.
The research concludes that untreated plus eye will negatively impact children's academic achievement, such as reading slower and less reading comprehension. The eyes can also become squinted (strabismus), tense, or have a lazy eye (amblyopia). Cross-eyed is when the child's eyes are not looking in the same direction. Lazy eye occurs when the function between one eye and the brain doesn't work properly because the eye sends too blurry signals, so the brain is more dominant in picking up signals from the other eye.
Let's Check Children's Eyes Early
Optometrists recommend that eye examinations in children are carried out early on:
- Newborn babies, to find out if there are congenital eye abnormalities.
- Around the age of 6-12 months, a complete examination is carried out the first time to look for eye health problems and signs of vision problems, such as nearsightedness (minus eye), farsightedness (plus eye), or problems with eye movement.
- At 3 years of age, a visual acuity test will determine if they need glasses to correct nearsightedness or farsightedness.
- Age 5 years, a follow-up check to see eye acuity and alignment, compare with previous tests, predict child's eye health and potential future eye problems of children.
- Over 5 years of age, an eye exam should be done annually for children who need glasses. Parents are advised to consult an eye specialist to have their child's eyes checked every two years.
Children need their sense of sight to develop, learn, and get to know their surroundingsThuson. It is important to carry out routine eye examinations to detect abnormalities in the eyes early and avoid the possible effects.