Emotional intelligence is one factor that can support children's success, both in school and later in the world of work. In this case, the role of parents is needed to shape and develop children's emotional intelligence.
Emotional intelligence or emotional quotient (EQ) is a person's ability to understand, use, and manage emotions. EQ can help anyone, including children, build strong relationships, make decisions, and deal with difficult situations.
Not only that, with a good EQ, someone will be easier to socialize with anyone, have more confidence, and can grow into a good person. EQ also plays an important role in supporting children's achievement in school.
Some Tips for Cultivating Children's Emotional Intelligence
Children tend to absorb what they are taught more quickly. Therefore, every parent needs to start instilling children's emotional intelligence from an early age.
Here are some ways you can develop a child's EQ:
1. Set a good example of behavior
Getting children to behave well towards others is one of the important things in training their emotional intelligence.
To train and get children to behave well, you can give examples through daily habits when asking others for help.
For example, when asking for help from others, make it a habit for children to say the word "please" and don't forget to remind children to say "thank you" after getting help.
Thus, children will gradually apply these habits when interacting with other people.
2. Helping children recognize emotions
To grow their emotional intelligence, children need to be trained and educated to recognize and control emotions. You can guide your child to express their emotions, for example, when watching a movie or after listening to a story or fairy tale.
Communication and affection are the main keys to training children to recognize emotions and control them. Therefore, it is important for every parent to frequently ask what the child is feeling and train them to express their emotions honestly and openly.
When children behave harshly or tantrums because they feel negative emotions, such as anger, annoyance, or disappointment, they teach them to reduce or divert their emotions with positive things, such as inviting them to play or hug them.
3. Build children's empathy
Empathy helps children care for others and build good relationships with their environment later.
You can build a child's sense of empathy by teaching him to be more sensitive to others' feelings. For example, when he tells you about a friend who lost a toy, try asking, "How would you feel if you lost a toy?"
If he answered "sad," try asking again, "Would you like to lend me your toy?" then watch the response. Children who have empathy will certainly be willing to lend toys to their friends.
By training children to get used to thinking about other people's feelings, they will be more empathetic and sensitive to people and the environment around them. It can also make them wiser and better at others.
4. Getting children to work together
Cooperation and mutual cooperation are skills that can be taught through direct experience. This can be practiced in everyday life, for example, by asking children to help with simple household chores, such as cleaning tables and washing fruit or vegetables.
After he has done this, thank the child for helping you. This simple thing can give children the motivation to be more empathetic and happy to help others.
5. Develop problem-solving skills
Another part of emotional skills is being able to solve problems on your own. When your child is fighting with a relative or friend, you can take advantage of this situation to develop emotional intelligence.
For example, when your child starts to get annoyed because his siblings always bother him while playing, you can guide him to find a solution by giving him several options for what he can do. Thus, children can learn how to decide and solve problems appropriately.
6. Develop self-confidence
You can teach children to build self-confidence and motivate them to achieve their desires or goals. However, as a parent, you also need to remind yourself that this requires hard work, effort, and a lot of time.
Besides, from every effort they make, of course, it doesn't always go well, and there must be failures in it. However, failure is not always interpreted as a negative thing. Children can learn to avoid the same mistakes in the future.
Your support and guidance can help your child develop their emotional intelligence well. With good EQ, children will grow and develop into smart and healthy individuals.
If you find it difficult to guide your child or are still confused about training your child's emotional intelligence, try to consult a psychologist.